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FV News: The first ruby chocolate

January 19, 2018 - ZÜRICH, Switzerland (debut in Japan)

The first Ruby chocolate version of KitKat® brand has been launched on January 19, 2018 by Nestlé Japan Ltd. in KitKat® Chocolatory® stores in Japan and South Korea, as well as online. KitKat® is the first to offer this fourth type of chocolate - next to Dark, Milk and White - to consumers, just five months after Ruby chocolate was introduced. Ruby chocolate was created by Barry Callebaut, the world’s leading manufacturer of high-quality chocolate and cocoa products.

World's first ruby chocolate

Since the announcement in Shanghai on September 5, 2017, Ruby chocolate has been attracting strong interest from chocolate connoisseurs throughout the world. The Ruby chocolate used in "KitKat® Chocolatory® Sublime® Ruby" has a fresh berry-fruity taste and characteristic color. Ruby chocolate was created through the craftsmanship of top pâtissier Yasumasa Takagi. It is made from the Ruby cocoa bean. No berries, berry flavor nor color are added. The bean has a specific set of attributes, which Barry Callebaut managed to unlock through an innovative process that took many years to develop.

The first ruby chocolate version of KitKat

Central Japan Railway Company



Central Japan Railway Company logo 1987
JR Central logo 1987
Names:
--- "Central Japan Railway Company"
--- "JR Central" (abbrev.)
--- "JR Tokai" (Japanese abbrev.)

Category: Transportation

Subcategory: Railroad

Founded: April 1, 1987 - Tokyo, Japan

Founder: Japan Railways Group (JR Group)

First president: Hiroshi Suda (Kyoto, January 28, 1931)

Features: In 1987, the year of its foundation, the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central, or JR Tokai in Japanese) was one of the following seven companies owned by the new Japan Railways Group.
• Three main passenger companies:
--- 1) Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central);
--- 2) West Japan Railway Company (JR West);
--- 3) East Japan Railway Company (JR East).
• Three passenger companies for the smaller islands:
--- 4) Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu);
--- 5) Shikoku Railway Company (JR Shikoku);
--- 6) Hokkaido Railway Company (JR Hokkaido).
• One company for freight transportation:
--- 7) Freight Railway Company (JR Freight).

Interesting facts: Central Japan Railway Company began operating on April 1, 1987 upon the privatization and breakup of the Japanese National Railways (JNR), a state-controlled agency that maintained a near monopoly over all railway business in Japan since its inception in 1949. In 1987 the JNR had been dissolved, and in its place stood seven companies as described above.
In the same year, a state agency that held all of the stock in the seven companies, the Japan National Railway Settlement Corporation (JNRSC), was also created. A year later, JR Tokai Bus Company was established, and automobile transport business was also transferred to the company.
By 2017, 30 years after its foundation, JR Central operated:
- the Tokaido Shinkansen - the world's first high-speed rail route created by Japanese National Railways (JNR) in 1964, linking Tokyo, Nagoya, and Osaka;
- 12 conventional lines centered on the Nagoya and Shizuoka City areas.

Property: © Central Japan Railway Company

Official website: http://jr-central.co.jp

Japanese National Railways end, March 31, 1987
Japanese National Railways end, ceremony March 31, 1987
Japanese National Railways, president Takaya Sugiura on March 31, 1987
Japanese National Railway stops operations (Tokyo, March 31, 1987). Special free one-day tickets for all Japanese lines were issued on March 31, 1987. In a public ceremony at midnight, Takaya Sugiura - the last president of the Japanese National Railways (JNR) - rode a "C-56160" steam locomotive at Shiodome Freight Terminal in Minato, Tokyo, and blew the whistle to mark the end of the 115-year-old national railways. Locomotive "C-56160", built by the Japanese Government Railways (JGR) from 1935 to 1939, and later operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR), is preserved in operating condition by JR West at Umekoji Steam Locomotive Museum.

JR Central, celebration at Tokyo Station, April 1, 1987
JR Central: first train from Tokyo, April 1, 1987
Central Japan Railway Company starts operations (Tokyo, April 1, 1987). On March 31, 1987 at 11 pm, the first JR Central train "EF 58-122" left for the maiden voyage from Tokyo Station to Nagoya Station, where it arrived the next day at 7.27 am. On a head mark, the new orange "JR" logo and "Best regards JR Tokai". Locomotive "EF 58-122" was built in 1957 by Hitachi, and cut up at Hamamatsu Works in January 2009.

JR Central starts to operate the Tokaido Shinkansen, April 1, 1987
First bullet-train Tokaido Shinkansen operated by JR Central, April 1, 1987
Central Japan Railway Company starts to operate the Tokaido Shinkansen high-speed line (Tokyo, April 1, 1987). A so-called "bullet train" Shinkansen 100 series left from Tokyo Station showing the new company brand at the head mark.

JR Central commemorative medal, April 1, 1987
JR Central commemorative stamp Steam Locomotive 137, April 1, 1987
JR Central commemorative stamp Maglev MLU002, April 1, 1987
Japan Railway medal and postage stamps (April 1, 1987) issued to commemorate the establishment of the new railway business system from public corporation (JNR) to private enterprise (JR). The two depicted trains are: the first ever steam locomotive built in Japan, "No. 137" (originally "No. 221") completed in 1893 by JNR / IGR Kobe Works, and the prototype "Maglev MLU002" (Magnetic Levitation, U-shaped guideway) built in 1987 by JR Central for experimental purposes only.

JR Group first timetable April 1987
Japan Railway Group, first timetable (April 1987)

JR Central, first TV commercial June 1987
Central Japan Railway Company, first TV commercial (June 1987). To promote the Shinkansen high-speed line, the "Cinderella Express" campaign began, targeting young people by depicting a situation in which a couple share a long-distance relationship. Title and background music: from a song by Yumi Matsutoya; actress: Misa Kawai.

JR Central 30th Anniversary, April 1, 1987-2017
Central Japan Railway Company 30th Anniversary (April 1, 1987-2017)

The Doors



The Doors logo
The Doors logo 1967
from their first album
Band: "The Doors"

FIRST SIX-SONGS DEMO

Tracks:
--- 1) "Moonlight Drive" (2:31)
--- 2) "Hello, I Love You" (2:28)
--- 3) "Summer's Almost Gone" (2:17)
--- 4) "My Eyes Have Seen You" (2:01)
--- 5) "End of the Night" (2:59)
--- 6) "Insane" (2:30)

Writer: Jim Morrison

Musicians:
--- Jim Morrison - vocals
--- Ray Manzarek - piano and vocals
--- John Densmore - drums
--- Rick Manzarek - guitar
--- Jim Manzarek - harmonica
--- Patricia Hansen (née Sullivan) - bass guitar

Genre: Psychedelic rock

Recorded: September 2, 1965

Producer: Richard Bock

Studio: World Pacific Studios, 8715 West 3rd Street, Los Angeles, California, USA

Format: One-sided acetate, 10", 33rpm.


The Doors, first ever six-songs demo, original audio (recorded September 2, 1965)
The Doors, six-songs demo acetate 1965
The Doors, six-songs demo acetate 1965, detail
The Doors, first ever six-songs demo, one-sided acetate (recorded September 2, 1965)


FIRST SINGLE

Tracks:
--- A-Side: "Break On Through (To the Other Side)" (2:24)
--- B-Side: "End of the Night" (2:49)

Writers / Musicians:
--- Jim Morrison – vocals
--- Ray Manzarek - organ, piano bass
--- Robby Krieger - electric guitar
--- John Densmore – drums

Genre: Psychedelic rock

Recorded: August 1966

Released: January 1, 1967

Producer: Paul A. Rothchild

Studio: Elektra Records, 51 West 51 Street, New York City, USA

Label: Elektra Records

Format: Vinyl, 7", 45rpm.

The Doors, first single 1967
The Doors, first single 1967, detail
The Doors, first single (January 1, 1967)

The Doors, promo video 1967
The Doors, "Break On Through" promo video (1967 by director and producer Mark Abramson)


FIRST ALBUM

Title: "The Doors"

A-Side Tracks:
--- 1) "Break On Through (To the Other Side)" (2:25)
--- 2) "Soul Kitchen" (3:30)
--- 3) "The Crystal Ship" (2:30)
--- 4) "Twentieth Century Fox" (2:30)
--- 5) "Alabama Song (Whisky Bar)" (3:15)
--- 6) "Light My Fire" (6:30)
B-Side Tracks:
--- 7) "Back Door Man" (3:30)
--- 8) "I Looked at You" (2:18)
--- 9) "End of the Night" (2:49)
--- 10) "Take It as It Comes" (2:13)
--- 11) "The End" (11:35)

Writers: All tracks written by The Doors (Jim Morrison, Ray Manzarek, Robby Krieger, and John Densmore), except No.5 "Alabama Song (Whisky Bar)" by Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill, and No.7 "Back Door Man" by Willie Dixon and Chester Burnett.

Musicians:
--- Jim Morrison – lead vocals
--- Ray Manzarek - organ, piano, keyboard bass, marxophone, backing vocals
--- Robby Krieger - lead guitar, bass guitar, backing vocals
--- John Densmore – drums, percussion, backing vocals
--- Larry Knechtel (uncredited) - bass guitar

Genre: Psychedelic rock

Recorded: August 1966

Released: January 4, 1967

Producer: Paul A. Rothchild

Studio: Sunset Sound Recorders, 6650 Sunset Blvd., Hollywood, California, USA

Label: Elektra Records

Format: Vinyl, 12", 33rpm.

The Doors, first album 1967, front
The Doors, first album 1967, side A
The Doors, first album 1967, back
The Doors, first album 1967, side B
The Doors, first album (January 4, 1967)

The Doors atop their billboard, 1967
The Doors billboard, 1967
The Doors, their Sunset Strip billboard (January 1967)


Overview: The Doors was formed in the summer of 1965. In July, two fellow graduates at the UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television, Jim Morrison and Ray Manzarek, met in Venice Beach, California, and decided to try playing together. Jim sang his "Moonlight Drive", and Ray - who played the keyboard in a band called "Rick & the Ravens" with his brothers Rick and Jim - began to accompany him. They called the band "The Doors", from the title of Aldous Huxley's book "The Doors of Perception", itself derived from a line in William Blake's "The Marriage of Heaven and Hell": «If the doors of perception were cleansed, everything would appear to man as it is: infinite».
In August, Ray invited John Densmore - who was playing with the "Psychedelic Rangers" and knew Manzarek from meditation classes - to join the band as drummer.
On September 2, Jim Morrison, Ray Manzarek, and John Densmore, with Ray's brothers Rick (guitar) and Jim (harmonica), and Patty Sullivan (bass guitar) from the band "Patty And The Esquires", recorded their first six-songs demo at World Pacific Studios in Los Angeles. In late September, after Manzarek's two brothers left, the group recruited another member of the "Psychedelic Rangers", guitarist Robby Krieger: the lineup – Morrison, Manzarek, Densmore and Krieger – was complete.
At the end of 1965, The Doors began auditioning in various small clubs, and in early 1966 the group was playing the Los Angeles club "London Fog". From May to August 1966 they graduated to the more esteemed "Whisky a Go Go", where they were the house band.
On August 18, after Elektra Records president Jac Holzman and producer Paul A. Rothchild saw two sets of the band playing at the Whisky a Go Go, they signed them to the label. In less than one month, The Doors recorded their first album at Sunset Sound Recording Studios in Hollywood.
On January 1, the first single containing "Break On Through (To the Other Side)" on A-side, and "End of the Night" on B-side, was released, accompanied by a promo clip made by Elextra Records producer Mark Abramson, and their first live television appearance lip-synching the song "Break on Through", aired on Shebang, KTLA-TV Channel 5, Los Angeles.
On January 4, The Doors' self-titled first album was released. A billboard with the album cover was put up at 8171 Sunset Blvd.: it was the first billboard on the Sunset Strip to advertise a rock band.

Quote (Jim Morrison): «We didn't start out with such big ideas. We thought we were going to be just another pop group, but then something happened when we recorded "The End". We saw that what we were doing was more important than just a hit song. We were writing serious music and performing it in a very dramatic way. The End is like going to see a movie when you already know the plot. It's a timeless piece of material... It was then that we realized we were different from other groups. We were playing music that would last for years, not weeks».

Property: © Elektra Records - © The Doors Property, LCC

Official website: https://www.thedoors.com

The Doors in 1966
The Doors at "Whisky a Go Go" club (1966). From left: Robby Krieger (Los Angeles, Jan. 8, 1946), John Densmore (Los Angeles, Dec. 1, 1944), Jim Morrison (Melbourne, Dec. 8, 1943 - Paris, July 3, 1971) and Ray Manzarek (Chicago, Feb. 12, 1939 - Rosenheim, May 20, 2013).

FV News: The first food theme park

November 15, 2017 - BOLOGNA, Italy

The first and largest agri-food park in the world, "FICO - Fabbrica Italiana COntadina" (Italian Farming Factory) by Eataly World, opened in Bologna, Emilia Romagna, Italy on Wednesday, November 15, 2017. Entirely based on high quality Mediterranean foodstuffs, FICO Eataly World includes 47 restaurants and bars, some 40 production areas making everything from gelato to candied fruit, 22 gardens and half a dozen stalls with cows, sheep, goats, pigs and chickens. The site, covering 100,000 square meters (more than 1 million square feet) in a former wholesale fruit and vegetable market on the outskirts of Bologna.

First Versions: FICO Eataly World
First Versions: FICO Eataly World scheme
First Versions: FICO Eataly World view

Visitors can follow food production from field and stall right to their plates. They'll see grain growing in the fields, milled into flour, processed into pasta and served at the table. Workshops will show how to refine rice and hunt for truffles, along with cooking classes for making fresh pasta, sorbetto or pizza. In addition to all the food, drink, and spectacle, it houses six educational rides — called "carousels" — which chart the humans relationship with agriculture by theme: fire, earth, sea, animals, soil to bottle, and "the future of food".

First Versions: inside FICO Eataly World
First Versions: FICO Eataly World salads

FV News: The first space nation

November 12, 2017 - WALLOPS ISLAND, Virginia, USA

The first space kingdom's satellite named "Asgardia-1" has been launched from NASA's Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia, USA on Sunday, November 12, 2017.
The Asgardia-1 satellite is contained within the Orbital ATK Cygnus spacecraft, and its hard-disk contains the space nation's Constitution, flag, coat-of-arms and data from the first citizens of Asgardia (Asgardians).

First Versions: Asgardia-1
First Versions: Asgardia-1 hard disk

Asgardia's statehood isn't acknowledged by any other actual countries or the United Nations, and it doesn't really even fit the definition of a nation since it's not possible for a human to physically live in Asgardia; however, the long-term vision for Asgardia includes human settlements in space, on the moon and perhaps even more distant colonies.

First Versions: Asgardia-1 launch

FV News: The first self-healing car

November 6, 2017
SANT'AGATA BOLOGNESE, Italy (debut CAMBRIDGE, Mass., USA)

The first self-healing electric sports car, Terzo Millennio ("third millennium"), has been unveiled by Automobili Lamborghini Spa (Italian luxury carmaker founded in 1963) on Monday, November 6, 2017 at the EmTech conference in Cambridge, Mass.
The car is the product of a partnership between the automaker and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Boston. Using sensors Terzo Millennio can conduct its own health check to detect any damages and self-repair itself by filling the crack with nanotubes to prevent it spreading. The all-electric car has also an energy storage system which allows it to rapidly charge and hold more power than a battery: its supercapacitors are made using carbon enabling them to be formed into the car's body panels.

First Versions: the first self-healing car