Last update: August 21, 2016 - Total items: 87 - Recent entries:
Tarzan of the Apes 1918 BMW logo 1917 Jose Cuervo logo Amazon logo 1995 BIC logo 1950 L'Oréal logo 1909 Pepsi-Cola logo 1898 Lacoste logo 1933
Apple logo 1977 The Simpsons, title frame Volvo logo 1927 DOOM logo 1993 Monopoly logo 1935 Mac System icon 1984 Corriere della Sera header David Bowie logo

FV Weekly News 2016: 8/21 - 8/27



First Versions Weekly News



August 25, 2016 - SINGAPORE

The first self-driving taxis debut in Singapore. NuTonomy launches world's first public trial of self-driving car service and ride-hailing App.



August 24, 2016 - CAMBRIDGE

The first autonomous, entirely soft robot without electronics. A team of Harvard University researchers has demonstrated the first autonomous, untethered, entirely soft robot nicknamed "octobot".

FV Weekly News 2016: 8/14 - 8/20



First Versions Weekly News



August 20, 2016 - RIO DE JANEIRO

The first same-sex married couple to compete in the Olimpics wins gold: British field hockey players Kate and Helen Richardson-Walsh.



August 20, 2016 - LONDON

The first two underground lines launching a night service: Victoria and Central lines. London's Underground became a 24-hour service.



August 19, 2016 - RIO DE JANEIRO

The first man to record a "triple-triple" of Olympic titles: the Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt wins the 4 × 100 metres relay; it means Bolt has completed an unprecedented "triple-triple" by winning the 100m, 200m and 4x100m relay titles at three consecutive Olympic Games, 2008, 2012 and 2016, nine gold medals in total.



August 19, 2016 - LONDON

The first contemporary art exhibition for dogs. British inventor Dominic Wilcox is proving that art isn't just for humans, with a new contemporary exhibition for our canine friends.



August 18, 2016 - RIO DE JANEIRO

The first Iranian woman to win an Olympic medal: Kimia Alizadeh Zenoorin wins taekwondo bronze in the 57kg category.



August 18, 2016 - RIO DE JANEIRO

The first American woman to win an Olympic gold medal in wrestling: U.S. wrestler Helen Maroulis faces down legend Saori Yoshida.



August 17, 2016 - BEDFORDSHIRE

The first flight of the world's largest aircraft: Airlander 10, nicknamed "the Flying Bum" for its shape.

Tarzan (film)



Tarzan of the Apes 1918 film title
Tarzan of the Apes
(1918) film title frame
Title: "Tarzan of the Apes"

Category: Movies

Subcategory: Action/Adventure

Director: Scott Sidney

Writers:
--- Edgar Rice Burroughs (novel)
--- Fred Miller
--- Lois Weber

Based on: "Tarzan of the Apes"
by Edgar Rice Burroughs (1912)

Scott Sidney
Scott Sidney
Warren C., Apr. 27, 1874
- London, July 20, 1928,
director of the 1918 film
Tarzan of the Apes
Starring:
--- Elmo Lincoln (Tarzan)
--- Enid Markey (Jane Porter)
--- True Boardman (John Clayton)
--- Kathleen Kirkham (Alice Clayton)
--- George B. French (Binns, a sailor)
--- Gordon Griffith (Tarzan, younger)
--- Colin Kenny (William Cecil Clayton)
--- Thomas Jefferson (Professor Porter)
--- Bessie Toner (Bar Maid)
--- Jack Wilson (Captain of the Fuwalda)
--- Louis Morrison (Innkeeper)
--- Eugene Pallette
--- Fred L. Wilson

Cinematography: Enrique Juan Vallejo

Producer: William Parsons

Production company: National Film Corporation of America

Distributor: First National Exhibitors' Circuit

Released: January 27, 1918 - Broadway, New York, USA

Running time: 73 min.

Color: Black and White

Language: Silent

Summary plot: John and Alice Clayton take ship for Africa. Mutineers maroon them. After his parents die the newborn Tarzan is taken by a great Ape, Kala. Later the boy finds his father's knife and uses it to become King of Apes. Binns, the sailor who saved the Claytons and who has been held by Arab slavers for ten years, finds the young Tarzan and then heads for England to notify his kin. A scientist arrives to check out Binns' story. Tarzan, now a man, kills the native who killed Kala; when their chief is killed the black villagers appease Tarzan with gifts and prayers. The scientist's daughter Jane is carried off by a native, rescued by Tarzan, aggressively loved by him, and at last accepts him with open arms.

Interesting facts: Tarzan of the Apes, the first Tarzan movie ever made released in 1918 in the US, is based on Edgar Rice Burroughs' homonymic novel. The movie adapts only the first part of the novel, the remainder becoming the basis for the sequel, The Romance of Tarzan. Tarzan of the Apes was filmed in 1917 in Morgan City, Louisiana, utilizing Louisiana swamps as a stand-in for the African jungle. National Film Corporation hired eight acrobats to play apes for which costumes made from goat skins and elaborate masks were constructed.

Slogan: «The most stupendous, amazing, startling, film production in the world's history»

Property: © National Film Corporation of America


Tarzan of the Apes newspaper advertising January 26, 1918
Tarzan of the Apes newspaper advertising (The evening world, January 26, 1918)

Tarzan of the Apes newspaper advertising January 27, 1918
Tarzan of the Apes newspaper advertising (The New York Times, January 27, 1918)

Tarzan of the Apes theatrical poster 1918
Tarzan of the Apes theatrical poster (1918)

Tarzan of the Apes poster 1918 - 1Tarzan of the Apes poster 1918 - 2
Tarzan of the Apes original posters (1918)

Tarzan of the Apes advertising 1918
Tarzan of the Apes advertising (Moving Picture World, January-March 1918)

Tarzan of the Apes advertising card 1918 - 1Tarzan of the Apes advertising card 1918 - 2
Tarzan of the Apes advertising cards (1918)

Tarzan of the Apes, Elmo Lincoln and Enid Markey
Tarzan of the Apes, Enid Markey as Jane Porter and Elmo Lincoln as Tarzan (1918)

Tarzan of the Apes, complete film (2004 Platinum Disc version of the 1918 original, 60 min.)

BMW (motorcycles): 1st model ever



BMW logo 1917
BMW logo 1917
Name: "BMW R32"

Category: Motorcycles

Subcategory: Standard

Designer: Max Friz

Producer: BMW - Bayerische Motoren Werke (founded on March 7, 1916 in Munich, Bavaria, Germany, by Franz Josef Popp, Karl Rapp, and Camillo Castiglioni)

Production start: 1923 - Munich, Bavaria, Germany (debut on September 28, 1923 at the Berlin Exhibition)

Discontinued: 1926

First price: 2,200 Reichsmark

Features: BMW R32, the first BMW motorcycle, was produced using the two-cylinder four-stroke boxer engine previously supplied to other manufacturers. This was modified for transverse configuration and fitted with a directly blocked three-speed transmission. Instead of a chain drive, which is susceptible to wear-and-tear, the force of the drive was transferred to the grease-filled bevel gear casing on the rear wheel by means of a cardan shaft. The longitudinally ribbed cylinders were cast in a single piece together with the cylinder heads and feature vertical valves. Engine Type: four-stroke two-cylinder flat twin (boxer). Bore/stroke: 68 x 68 mm. Cubic capacity: 494 cm3 / 30 in.3. Maximum power: 8.5 HP at 3,200 RPMs. Compression ratio 5.0 : 1. Valves per cylinder: 2 SV. Carburetion system: 1 carburettor Type BMW Spezial 22mm. Engine lubrication: forced-feed lubrication. Oil pump: gear pump. Clutch: single discs, dry. Number of gears: 3. Shifting: manual. Gear ratios: 2.27 / 1.50 / 1.08. Rear wheel ratio: 4.41 : 1. Bevel/crown wheel: 17 / 75 teeth. Generator: magneto generator (on request). Ignition: Bosch magneto ignition. Spark plugs: Bosch W 145. Type of frame: twin-loop, tubular. Front suspension: twin cantilever spring. Rear suspension rigid (none). Wheel rims: 26 x 2.5. Tires front: 26 x 3. Tires rear: 26 x 3. Brakes front: drum brake Ø 150 mm (1924 and on). Brakes rear: block brake. Length x width x height: 82.7 x 31.5 x 37.4 inches (2100 x 800 x 950 mm). Wheel base: 54.3 inches (1380 mm). Tank capacity: 3.7 gals. (14 liters). Unladen weight, full tank: 269 lbs. / 122 kg. Fuel consumption: 78 MPG (± 3 liters / 100 km). Oil consumption: ± 6.2 quarts / 1000 miles (± 2.5 liters / 1000 km). Top speed: ± 60 MPH (± 96 km/h).

Max Friz
Max Friz
Urach, Oct. 1, 1883
- Tegernsee, June 9, 1966,
the German engineer
who developed the
BMW R32 motorcycle
Interesting facts: BMW is set up in Munich during World War One as the successor to Rapp Motoren-Werke, an aircraft engine plant founded in 1913. Its first product is the IIIa aircraft engine, containing legendary engine designer Max Friz's altitude carburettor. On July 21, 1917, Rapp-Motorenwerke is renamed Bayerische Motoren Werke GmbH. The outlook for the fledgling company brightens up with the development of the two-cylinder M2 B 15 engine - which is also supplied to several motorcycle manufacturers. In consideration of the two cylinders arranged opposite to one another, as well as the pistons operating in the opposite direction, these power units are referred to as "Boxers". This engine found its main use in Nuremberg-based Victoria motorcycles, helping them to outstanding success in 1921. The neighbouring aircraft manufacturer, Bayerische Flugzeug-Werke, also fitted the BMW engine into their Helios model, together with a transmission likewise supplied by BMW. In 1922 it sells its engine production and the name BMW to Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (Bavarian Aircraft Works) and moves into their factory. The aircraft-maker's founding date, 7 March 1916, thus becomes the new founding date of Bayerische Motoren Werke AG. General Director of BMW Franz Josef Popp and Design Director Max Friz agreed to a near-term solution of redesigning the Helios to make it more saleable and a long-term solution of an all new motorcycle design. This new design was designated the BMW R32 and began production in 1923, becoming the first motorcycle to be badged as a BMW, and the foundation for all future boxer-powered BMW motorcycles.

Property: © BMW Bayerische Motoren Werke AG - © BMW Motorrad

Producer website: http://www.bmw-motorrad.com

BMW R32 engine
BMW R32 engine (1923). The first engine product by BMW was the M2 B15, and engineer Max Friz used this as a basis for the R32.

BMW R32 design
BMW R32, drawings were completed in only four months (1923)

BMW R32 factory
BMW R32 factory in Munich, Bavaria, Germany (1923)

BMW R32, 1923BMW R32BMW R32 leftBMW R32 left-detailBMW R32 rightBMW R32 right-detail
BMW R32, the first BMW motorcycle (1923)

BMW R32 and Max Friz in a stamp
BMW R32 and its designer Max Friz in a commemorative stamp (2008)

BMW Motorrad Days 2013
BMW Motorrad celebrates 90 years (1923-2013). Over 40,000 participants at the 13th BMW Motorrad Days (July 5 to 7, 2013), Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Munich.

BMW 90th Anniversary editionBMW R nineT 2013
BMW Motorrad marks its 90th Anniversary (1923-2013) releasing a special edition of the R nineT roadster models

Jose Cuervo



Original name: "Vino Mezcal de Tequila de Jose Cuervo" (1795)

Jose Cuervo logo
Jose Cuervo logo
Name: "Jose Cuervo Tequila" (1900)

Category: Liquors

Subcategory: Tequila

Inventor: Don Jose Antonio de Cuervo

Producer: La Rojeña (original name "Taberna de Cuervo", established in 1795 by Jose Antonio de Cuervo's son Jose Maria Guadalupe de Cuervo, officially founded in 1812 under the name La Rojeña)

Production start: 1795 - Santiago de Tequila, Jalisco, Mexico

Jose Antonio de Cuervo
Jose Antonio de Cuervo
(1708-1764),
inventor of the
Jose Cuervo Tequila
Recipe: The plant species for making tequila is "blue" agave, so called for the silvery blue hue of its spiky leaves. Blue agave grew best in the state of Jalisco, particularly in the area surrounding the village of Tequila. The leaves are chopped off and the core (piña) is cooked and crushed to create juice, which is fermented, distilled twice, and aged in oak barrels to make tequila. The clear tequila is diluted with water to bring the alcohol content down to around 40%. Pure tequila is distilled 100% from the sap of the blue agave plant, while mixto tequilas only need to be at least 51% blue agave in order to legally be called tequila.

Interesting facts: In 1758, Jose Antonio de Cuervo obtained a title to a parcel of land in Jalisco, Tequila, to begin growing agave on his lands for producing tequila. In 1795 Jose Antonio de Cuervo's son Jose Maria Guadalupe de Cuervo was granted the first official permit to produce tequila commercially; Jose thus founded "Taberna de Cuervo", the oldest active distillery in Latin America. In 1812, Jose died and left his holdings to a son, Jose Ignacio, and a daughter, María Magdalena Ignacia Cuervo. She married Vicente Albino Rojas - her dowry was the distillery. Vicente disapproved of the name "Taberna de Cuervo", and changed its name to "La Rojeña" after himself. In 1860 Jesus Flores, owner of the taverns "La Floreña" and "La del Puente" (also known later as "La Constancia"), acquired "La Rojeña" from the Cuervo family. Flores was the first producer to bottle tequila in glass vessels. His bottles were called damajuanas, hand blown, rounded-shape 5 liter bottles, wrapped in agave fiber. Later these bottles would be as large as 32 litres. The use of the small pocket-sized "pachoncita" bottles at the end of the century really gave tequila sales a boost because workers could carry them around in their baggy pants. In 1889, Mexican president Porfirio Díaz awarded Cuervo its first gold medal for the quality of tequila it produced. In 1900, upon the death of Don Jesus, his wife, Ana Gonzalez Rubio, married Jose Cuervo Labastida, who called the tequila "Jose Cuervo". The tequila produced under this name won some international awards, including Gran Premio in Madrid, Spain (1907), and Grand Prix in Paris, France (1909).

Property: © JOSE CUERVO - © Tequila Cuervo La Rojeña, S.A. de C.V.

Producer website: http://cuervo.com

Jose Cuervo Vino Mezcal ad
Jose Cuervo Vino Mezcal, early advertising

Jose Cuervo Tequila bottle 1930s, front-backJose Cuervo Tequila bottle 1930s, top
Jose Cuervo Tequila bottle (1930s)

Jose Cuervo Tequila ad, Playboy 1960-61
Jose Cuervo Tequila advertising (Playboy magazine, 1960-61)

Jose Cuervo Tequila ad 1962Jose Cuervo Tequila ad 1963
Jose Cuervo Tequila: advertising for the Margarita cocktail (1962-63). According to Casa Cuervo, in 1938, at Tail O' the Cock Restaurant in Los Angeles, head bartender Johnny Durlesser noticed a pretty lady at the bar one night, and then again another night. The third time he saw her at his bar, he wanted to make a drink to impress her. He grabbed the Cuervo, and added a touch of sweet just like her. Margarita original recipe: 1 1/2 oz White Cuervo Tequila; 1/2 oz Triple Sec; 1 oz Fresh Lime Juice. Shake well and serve in a salt-rimmed glass.

Jose Cuervo 220th anniversaryJose Cuervo 2015 limited edition
Jose Cuervo Tequila celebrates its 220th Anniversary (1795-2015) releasing Especial Gold and Silver bottles, representing the first limited edition Jose Cuervo Especial bottle ever produced in brand history

Amazon



Amazon logo 1995
Amazon logo 1995
Original name: "Cadabra" (reg. July 5, 1994)

Pre-launch name: "Relentless" (reg. Sept. 25, 1994)

Name: Amazon (reg. Nov. 1, 1994)

Category: Internet

Subcategory: Electronic commerce

Founder: Jeff Bezos

Place of develop: Bellevue, Washington, USA

Founded: July 5, 1994 (as "Cadabra")

Place of develop: Bellevue, Washington, USA

Public release: July 16, 1995

Programming languages: C++, Java

Features: Amazon started off as an online bookstore in 1994, and opened to the public in 1995. In 1998 Amazon expanded beyond books: on April 27, it announces the acquisition of three leading Internet companies: Bookpages, Ltd (English online bookstore); Telebook, Inc. (German online bookstore); and Internet Movie Database Ltd. (movie and TV archive); on August 4, it announces the acquisition of PlanetAll (online address book and calendar service), and Junglee Corporation, which operates a service that lets people shop for everything, from clothing to computers. This were just the first of a long series of wide-ranging investments. In late 2015 Amazon reported that it had more than 270 million active customer accounts worldwide, and was shipping to more than 75 countries.

Interesting facts: In 1994, Jeff Bezos left his employment as vice-president of D. E. Shaw & Co., a Wall Street firm, and moved to Seattle. On July 5 he founded "Cadabra", an online bookstore. The company was renamed "Relentless" in September, then went officially online as Amazon.com on July 16, 1995.

Slogan (1995): «Earth's biggest bookstore"

Property: © Amazon.com, Inc.

Website: http://amazon.com

Amazon development
Amazon development: Jeff Bezos advertised for the first employees via Usenet (August 21, 1994). «Well-capitalized Seattle start-up seeks Unix developers (...) US mail: Cadabra, Inc.»

The first book purchased on Amazon
The first book purchased on Amazon.com with its packing slip (April 3, 1995). During a beta test for the new service, Amazon.com sold its first book, "Fluid Concepts & Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought" by Douglas Hofstadter, to the first customer John Wainwright, an Australian software engineer based in Sunnyvale, California.

Amazon home page 1995
Amazon.com in 1995: one million book titles

Amazon first announcement
Amazon.com officially announces itself to the public (October 4, 1995)

Amazon home page 1996
Amazon.com in 1996: 2,5 million book titles

Amazon October 1998Amazon November 1998
Amazon.com in 1998 expands beyond books by adding Music (top, snapshot Oct. 7) and Video (bottom, snapshot Nov. 18)

Amazon home page 1999
Amazon.com in 1999 (snapshot Aug. 27)

Jeff Bezos
Jeffrey Preston "Jeff" Bezos (Albuquerque, January 12, 1964), the American entrepreneur who founded Amazon.com, Inc.

Amazon Prime Day 2015
Amazon marks its 20th anniversary (July 16, 2015) by launching the "Amazon Prime Day", featuring special deals for prime members

BIC (ballpoint pen)



Bic logo 1950
BIC logo 1950
Name: "BIC Cristal"

Category: Home - Office - School

Subcategory: Stationery

Inventor: Marcel Bich

Producer: Société BIC (original name "Société PPA - Porte-plume, Porte-mines et Accessoires", founded on October 25, 1944 by Marcel Bich and Edouard Buffard, and renamed Société BIC on March 3, 1953)

Production start: December 1950 - Clichy, France

First price: 0.50 French francs

Marcel-Bich
Marcel Bich
Turin, July 29, 1914 -
Paris, May 30, 1994,
inventor of the
BIC ballpoint pen
Features: The BIC Cristal was designed by the Décolletage Plastique design team at Société PPA (later Société Bic). Marcel Bich invested in Swiss technology capable of cutting and shaping metal down to 0.01 millimetre, thus obtaining a stainless steel sphere of a millimeter in diameter that allowed the ink to flow freely. Bich also developed a viscosity of ink which neither leaked nor clogged. The hexagonal shape was taken from the wooden pencil and yields an economical use of plastic along with strength and three grip points giving high writing stability. The pen's transparent polystyrene barrel shows the ink-level. A tiny hole in the barrel's body maintains the same air pressure inside and outside the pen. The thick ink flows down due to gravity from a tube inside the barrel to feed a ball bearing which spins freely within a brass/nickel silver tip. Dimensions: 5 7/8 x 1/2" (14.9 x 1.3 cm).

Interesting facts: In late 1944 Marcel Bich started working with Edouard Buffard (1908-1996), manufacturing parts for fountain pens in a factory in Clichy, just outside of Paris (France). During this period, Marcel Bich realized the enormous potential for the ballpoint pen. Subsequently, he adapted and improved a process for making ballpoints invented by the Hungarian László Bíró and in December 1950, launched his own ballpoint pen in France under the BIC brand, a shortened and more memorable version of his own name. The pen quickly became an important export: called the "Atomic pen" in France, throughout the 1950s and 1960s the BIC Cristal's ballpoint writing tip and ergonomic design helped change the worldwide market for pens from fountain pens to mostly ballpoints. In 2005 the BIC Cristal pen was made a part of the collection of the Department of Architecture and Design of the Museum of Modern Art of New York (MoMA).

Slogan (1952): «Elle court, elle court, la Pointe BIC» - "It runs, it runs, the BIC Point"

Property: © Société BIC

Producer website: http://www.bicworld.com

Société PPA
Bic: the original headquarters of Société PPA (founded on October 25, 1944), which would later become Société BIC, in Clichy, France

Bic Cristal
BIC Cristal, the first ballpoint pen produced by BIC (December 1950)

Bic ad 1952
BIC, the first advertising campaign (1952) by Raymond Savignac: "Elle court, elle court, la Pointe BIC" (It runs, it runs, the BIC Point)

Bic at the Tour de France 1952
BIC, Publicity Caravan at the Tour de France (1952)

Bic at the Tour de France 1953 - A
Bic at the Tour de France 1953 - B
Bic at the Tour de France 1953 - C
BIC, Publicity Caravan at the Tour de France (1953, design by Félix Aublet)

Bic ad 1956
BIC advertising (1956) by Raymond Savignac: "BIC ècriture souple" (BIC flexible writing)

Bic ad 1961
BIC advertising (1961) by Raymond Savignac, to promote the new pen with the ball made of tungsten carbide: "Nouvelle bille" (new ball). Hoping to attract the attention of children, Savignac designed a schoolboy with his head replaced by the pen's ball and holding a pen behind his back.

Bic logo 1962
BIC, distinctive logo (1962) with the "BIC Boy" created by Raymond Savignac. Over time, this logo has been used to brand the entire range of BIC products, such as lighters and shavers.

Bic Cristal 60th Anniversary
BIC Cristal celebrates 60 years (1950-2010)