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FV News: The first ice hotel to stay frozen all year round

November 2016 - JUKKASJÄRVI, Sweden

Icehotel 365 - Deluxe Suite - Once upon a time
Icehotel 365 - Deluxe Suite "Once upon a time"

The first ice hotel to stay frozen for the entire year opened in November 2016 in a small town in the northern tip of Sweden, Jukkasjärvi. "Icehotel 365" is a year-round ice experience in 2,100 square meter with 20 suites, an ice bar that serves champagne and drinks, as well as an ice gallery – all created out of snow and ice. All rooms are replete with intricate ice carvings and sculptures, which provide a modernist flare in the midst of the dreary Scandinavian tundra. Book online from 2,450 SEK/night for 2 adults.

Icehotel 365 - Entrance
Icehotel 365 - Entrance

Icehotel 365 - Art Suite - Dancers in the dark
Icehotel 365 - Art Suite "Dancers in the dark"

Icehotel 365 - Deluxe Suite - Don't get lost
Icehotel 365 - Deluxe Suite "Don't get lost"

Icehotel 365 - Deluxe Suite - The victorian apartment
Icehotel 365 - Deluxe Suite "The victorian apartment"

Icehotel 365 - Deluxe Suite - Wishful Thinking
Icehotel 365 - Deluxe Suite "Wishful Thinking"


Amtrak logo 1971
Amtrak logo 1971
--- Railpax (original brand, unofficial, 1970)
--- National Railroad Passenger Corporation (NRPC, official, 1971)
--- Amtrak (brand, 1971)

Category: Transportation

Subcategory: Railroad

Founded: May 1, 1971 - Union Station, Washington D.C., USA

First president: Roger Lewis (Los Angeles, January 11, 1912 - Washington, D.C., November 12, 1987)

Features: In 1968, a young attorney named Anthony Haswell founded the National Association of Railroad Passengers (NARP), a Washington lobby group whose purpose was to save the passenger trains. After much effort the NARP lobbying worked, and from that success came the Railroad Passenger Service Act, which Congress passed on October 14, 1970. On October 30, 1970, President Nixon signed Public Law 91-518, and the National Railroad Passenger Corporation (NRPC) - brand name Amtrak - was created. Of the 26 railroads still offering intercity passenger service in 1970, only six declined to join Amtrak. The company began service on May 1, 1971 serving 43 states with a total of 21 routes. The first train operated by Amtrak was a "Clocker" (No. 235), regular passenger train Philadelphia - New York City, that left Penn Station at 12:05 AM on May 1, 1971. Amtrak's first Reservations Sales Office opened in Chicago on October 1, 1971.

Interesting facts: The name "Amtrak" is a contraction and a blending of the concepts "American" and "track". Previously, the corporation had been known informally as "Railpax", derived from the telegraphers code name for "railroad passenger".

Slogan (1971): «We're making the trains worth traveling again»

Property: © National Railroad Passenger Corporation

Official website:

Amtrak directors, March 22, 1971
Amtrak formally announces intended routes (March 22, 1971). U.S. Secretary of Transportation John Volpe, Amtrak President Roger Lewis and Amtrak Board of Incorporation Chairman David W. Kendall, unveil the Amtrak route map.
Amtrak route map 1971

Amtrak first timetable 1971 - cover
Amtrak first timetable 1971 - letter
Amtrak first timetable 1971 - index
Amtrak, first timetable: cover, Chairman's letter, and index (May 1, 1971)

Amtrak Clocker 1971
Amtrak Clocker (1971). One of these passenger trains (No. 235) was the first operated by the company.

Amtrak 4316 1971
Amtrak Penn Central E8A - 4316 (May 1, 1971). This train was selected to wear a one-of-a-kind paint scheme for Amtrak's first day of operations.

Amtrak Silver Solarium 1971
Amtrak Silver Solarium (1971). This train was built by the Budd Company in 1948 as one of the original six vista dome observation sleeping cars for the famed California Zephyr, which was inaugurated on March 20, 1949. Ownership was transferred to Amtrak in 1971.

Amtrak TurboTrain 1971
Amtrak TurboTrain (1971). The TurboTrain was an articulated, lightweight trainset with gas-turbine propulsion. Funded by the U.S. Department of Transportation as part of a program to explore the future of high-speed rail service in the 1960s, the TurboTrains were designed by United Aircraft and built by Pullman-Standard.

Amtrak Ad 1971
Amtrak advertising (1971). Updating the existing fleet of passenger cars and locomotives was one of Amtrak’s biggest challenges. In preparation for the start of service in May 1971, Amtrak handpicked approximately 1,200 cars from a total pool of 3,000 held by the two dozen railroads that had been relieved of their passenger service obligations.

Amtrak Ad 1971 by Ted Bates
Amtrak advertising (1971, by Ted Bates agency, N.Y.C.)

Amtrak posters 1973 by David Klein
Amtrak posters (1973, by illustrator David Klein)

Amtrak 40th Anniversary 2011
Amtrak 40th Anniversary, Exhibit Train
Amtrak 40th Anniversary, Exhibit Train visitors
Amtrak’s 40th anniversary (1971-2011): a special Exhibit Train with displays of photos, uniforms, fine china, and memorabilia from America’s Railroad. A record 28.7 million passengers traveled on Amtrak in FY 2010 on more than 300 daily trains – at speeds up to 150 mph (241 kph) – that connect 46 states, the District of Columbia and three Canadian Provinces.

FV News: The first wireless brain implant which enables paralysed primates to walk again

November 9, 2016 - LAUSANNE, Switzerland

The first time that neurotechnology restores locomotion in primates: non-human primates have regained control of their paralyzed leg thanks to a neuroprosthetic interface that acts as a wireless bridge between the brain and spine, bypassing the injury. The interface was developed in an international collaboration led by EPFL. On June 23, 2015, a primate with spinal cord injury regained control of its paralyzed leg; on November 9, 2016, the results was published in Nature.

The first wireless brain implant which enables paralysed primates to walk again

The Times of India

The Times of India first issue's header
The Times of India, first header: "The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce"
(Saturday, November 3, 1838)

--- "The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce" (November 3, 1838)
--- "Bombay Times and Standard" (1860-1861)
--- "The Times of India" (since September 28, 1861)

Category: Newspapers

Founder: Raobahadur Narayan Dinanath Velkar

First issue: November 3, 1838 - Mumbai (then Bombay), Maharashtra, India

First editor: J.E. Brennan

First format: Broadsheet

First price: 1 year = 30 Rupees

Overview: Originally called "The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce", the paper was founded in 1838 in Mumbai (then Bombay), during the British Raj, to serve the British residents of western India, following Lord Metcalfe's Act of 1835 which removed restrictions on the liberty of the Indian press. Its first editor J.E. Brennan, a retired Irish doctor, was also secretary of the Bombay Chamber of Commerce. In the first issue, he wrote on the need of education for the people of India "whose capacity for improvement is inferior to that of no one elsewhere but were victims of ignorance and delusion". At first, the paper published twice weekly, Wednesdays and Saturdays, under the direction of Raobahadur Narayan Dinanath Velkar, a Maharashtrian Reformist, and contained news from Britain and the world. In 1840, the newspaper changes hands and George Buist becomes the editor. The paper became a daily in 1850.
Robert Knight
Robert Knight (1825 - 1892),
the editor who reinvented
the newspaper under the name
"The Times of India" (1861)
In 1859, new editor Robert Knight merged "The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce" with two more popular newspapers – "Bombay Standard" and "Chronicle of Western India", and founded "Bombay Times and Standard".
Two years later, on Sept. 28, 1861, Knight merged "Bombay Times and Standard" with "Bombay Telegraph & Courier", and renamed "The Bombay Times and Standard" to "The Times of India".
Knight fought for a press free of prior restraint or intimidation, frequently resisting the attempts by governments, business interests, and cultural spokesmen and led the paper to national prominence.
In 1880, The Times of India Weekly Edition was launched.
In 1890, the newspaper printed 3,000 copies daily.
The Times of India saw its ownership change several times until 1892, when Thomas Bennett and Frank Morris Coleman acquired the newspaper through their new company: Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd.

Property: © The Times Group - Bennett Coleman & Co. Ltd

Official website:

The Times of India, first issue 1838
The Times of India, front page of the first issue (November 3, 1838). The front page is taken up solely by classified advertisements, a practice that continues up to 1939.

The Times of India, machine room in 1898
The Times of India, binding room in 1898
The Times of India, 60th Anniversary, November 1898
The Times of India, employees at Mumbai during the newspaper's Diamond Jubilee (60th Anniversary, November 1898)

The Times of India, January 31, 1948
The Times of India, when India lost the father of the nation (January 31, 1948)

The Times of India, a commemorative stamp marks its 175th anniversary in 2013
The Times of India, 175th anniversary, November 2013
The Times of India, commemorative stamp featuring "Common Man" - a character by cartoonist R.K. Laxman, issued by Indian Post to mark 175 years (November 13, 2013)

The Times of India, June 25, 2016
The Times of India in its advanced version (June 25, 2016 - Brexit)

FV News: The first fossilized dinosaur brain discovered

October 27, 2016 - BEXHILL-ON-SEA, Sussex, UK

The first fossilized dinosaur brain has been found on a beach in East Sussex. The small brown pebble was spotted by amateur fossil hunter on the coastline near Bexhill-on-Sea. It is the only piece of fossilized brain tissue from a dinosaur ever discovered and is thought to belong to a species related to the Iguanadon.

FV News: The first public opening of the Papal summer residence

October 22, 2016 - ROME, Italy

The first public opening of the Papal summer residence. The Papal residence at Castel Gandolfo has long been known as the summer retreat of Popes. But now in an historic first the Papal apartments is open to the public.