Hoover (vacuum cleaner)



Hoover logo
Hoover, an early logo 1910s
Name: "Hoover Model 0"

Categories: Electronics, Home

Subcategory: Appliances

Inventor: James Murray Spangler

Producer: Electric Suction Sweeper Co. (founded in 1908 by William Henry "Boss" Hoover, in 1915 the company was renamed as Hoover Suction Sweeper Co., in 1922 The Hoover Company)

Prototype made in: 1907

Production start: 1908 - North Canton (New Berlin), Ohio, USA

First price: 60 USD

Features: The motor is on the top and the power switch is between the motor and the bag. The cleaning roller is on the front and the wooden handle, attached by a metal connection, extends from the top. Weight: 40 pounds. 1/8-horse, 1,750 r.p.m., 25-pound Westinghouse motor. Originally, it was built out of an old fan motor mounted on a Bissell carpet sweeper, a soap box, broom handle, and pillow case, with refinements included a rotating brush to loosen debris.

Interesting facts: In 1907 Murray Spangler, an inventor who worked nights as a janitor, had an asthma problem. He called upon his inventor's creativity to find a solution to the dust that aggravated his asthma as he swept up at night. Spangler assembled an odd-looking, cumbersome contraption that managed to pull the dust away from the air he breathed. He quickly realized that this "suction sweeper", as he called it, had enormous sales potential, and he began seeking financial backing. W.H. "Boss" Hoover, owner of a leather goods manufacturing shop, bought the patent from Spangler in 1908, retained him as a partner, and soon had six employees assembling six units a day in a corner of the leather goods shop. "Boss" Hoover placed a small ad in the Saturday Evening Post offering 10 days' free use of a Hoover suction sweeper to anyone who wrote and requested it. Instead of sending the cleaner directly to the potential customer, he chose a reputable store in each city that customers could purchase from. He allowed store managers to keep any commission from a resulting sale, and then offered the store the opportunity to become a Hoover vacuum dealer. This laid the groundwork for a national dealer network for Hoover products.

Slogan (1912): «However clean, Hoover cleaner»

Property: © Hoover, © Techtronic Floor Care Technology Limited

Producer website: http://hoover.com

Hoover Model 0
Hoover Model 0 detail
Hoover Model "0", the first Hoover portable electric vacuum cleaner (1908)

Hoover Model 0 patent
Hoover Model "0", image from patent granted to J. M. Spangler (June 2, 1908)

Hoover Model "0" in a short video demonstration

Hoover advertising in The Saturday Evening Post
Hoover Model "0", advertising (The Saturday Evening Post, 1909)

Hoover advertising in the Everybody's Magazine
Hoover advertising 1909
Hoover Model "0", advertising (Everybody's Magazine, 1909)

James Murray Spangler
James Murray Spangler (Plains Township, November 20, 1848 - Chicago, January 22, 1915), the American salesman and janitor who invented the first Hoover portable electric vacuum cleaner.

Hoover anniversary edition
Hoover celebrate 100th anniversary (2008) with a dedicated line of vacuum cleaners.